ISSN: 1813-0534
 

 

 

 

 

 


C
Volume 15 No 2 December edition 2019

1. A New Approach to The Forward Premium Puzzle Bing Anderson, California Polytechnic State University, USA (Corresponding Author) Kimberly A. Anderson, California Polytechnic State University, USA Shuyun Li, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA ABSTRACT An important relationship in International Finance is the International Fisher Effect or Uncovered Interest Parity, which says that for a pair of currencies, the currency with higher interest rate will tend to depreciate in its exchange rate value. Regression of exchange rate change against interest rate differential tends to suggest that the relationship is exactly the opposite in reality, and this is called the Forward Premium Puzzle. In this study, we propose a novel approach to study the Forward Premium Puzzle. We are able to show that the Forward Premium Puzzle is a statistical artifact due to the way in which the regression analysis is conducted. 2. Team Diversity and Individual Innovation: The Mediating Effects of Cross-Level Cohesiveness Yueh-Chiang Lee , Corresponding author. Email: yclee@mail.vnu.edu.tw Department of Business Administration, Vanung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan Ghi-Feng Yen and Chin-Yun Yi, Department of Business Administration, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan Tzu-Ling Huang, Department of International Business, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan ABSTRACT This study investigates the cross-level relationship between team diversity and individual innovation by cross-level perspectives, and explores whether cohesiveness mediates the aforementioned relationships. This paper uses hierarchical linear model to test the hypotheses. Analytical results from 123 teams and 626 respondents are summarized as follows: (1) different types of diversity have opposing effects on individual innovation; (2) cohesiveness has positive effects on individual innovation; (3) cohesiveness mediates the relationship between bio-demographic diversity and individual innovation. Finally, the managerial implications were discussed and directions for further research were proposed. Keywords: Team Diversity; Individual Innovation; Mediating Effect; Cohesiveness 3. Impact of Ethical Business Practices on The Competitiveness of Service Sector Startup and Emerging Enterprises in India: A State Perspective Rohit Kanda*, Harish Handa**, Pushpkant Shakdwipee*** * University School of Financial Studies, Guru Nanak Dev University, India. Email: rajputlakshya@gmail.com ** Head and Associate Professor (Commerce), Shaheed Bhagat Singh College, University of Delhi, India. *** Associate Professor (Management), Pacific Academy of Higher Education & Research University, Udaipur. ABSTRACT Ethical Codes in the Indian Context have not been subjected to much scrutiny. A culture that is conservative in monetary terms attaches a very high value to created wealth, in turn, leading to business practices bringing change in lives of many and ensuring the process of wealth creation. It has been theoretically urged that "small startup firms stress on revenue collection" and till present most of the regulations regarding business ethos, good governance and corporate social responsibility are only focused on large public listed companies. Further, the Going on studies in India are mostly focused on Large Firms, Based on the Secondary Information. Being a Qualitative Research, design opted for this research is Descriptive Research Design, where Survey is the Primary Method of Data Collection. Key Personnel(s) / Official(s) of the above Organizations will be interviewed / surveyed by the above mentioned modes of data collection, as its internal stake holders. Customers in reach, Nearby observers, Government representatives, Independent Company Auditors etc. with questions about EBP in service delivery quality and service failure handling, were the external stakeholders. Stratified random sampling have been used for the purpose of sampling, with a supplement of simple random sampling. Maximum Sample is from Business Services, followed by Finance, Trading and Community, Personal & Social Services. Cross Tabular Analysis of Industries reveals that in Business Services, Trading, and Transport, Storage and Communication, Most Firms observed believing EBP. In Construction, Community, Personal and Social Services, Finance, Insurance and Others, More Firms observed believing EBP. In Real Estate and Renting, Equal No. of Firms observed believing / not believing EBP. Based upon the study results, the sample firms have been apportioned among 2 clusters, namely, 'Low Ethics Less Growing Start-ups' and 'Highly Ethical Fastly Growing Start-ups'. Low Ethics Less Growing Start-ups are maximum in case of Finance Industry, that is a common observation in case of many small start up finance firms. Dimensions and effectiveness of opted Ethical Business Practices varies across based on Service Industry Differentiation and the resultant Impact on the Competitiveness varies also. Keywords: Ethical Business Practices, Service Startups across Industries, Competitiveness. 4. Electronic Word-of-Mouth in Social Networking Sites: Perspective of Social Relationships and Social Exchange Shih-Ming Pi, Department of Information Management, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, happypi@gmail.com Hsiu-Li Liao, Department of Information Management, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, wenlly0823@gmail.com (Corresponding Author) Su-Houn Liu, Department of Information Management, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, vandy1020@gmail.com ABSTRACT With the prevalence of social networking sites (SNSs), electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) for consumer purchase decision has become a more important issue. Friends on the SNSs, via Web connections, conversation, and collaboration, create product recommendations and eWOM. Previously, when consumers needed information, they usually through marketing channels such as TV advertising or network advertising to get product-related information; however, there are more consumers through their friends on the SNSs to get these useful eWOM now. In this paper, we hope that from social relationships (social ties, trust, and identification), social exchange (reciprocity and enjoyment helping), and motivation and ability to access information (motivation to access information and ability to access information) on the SNSs to explore its impact on cognition and affective attitudes, and then have the eWOM effect. The research method is survey, and the research subject is the users on SNSs. We take online questionnaire to investigate these usersí eWOM intention and their opinions. The survey results from 212 participants on the SNS suggest that trust and motivation to access information are positively associated with usersí cognition and affective attitudes, whereas ability to access information only affects the cognition attitudes. In addition, usersí cognitive attitude positively influences usersí affective attitude and eWOM intention. Based on the results, several practical and theoretical implications are discussed. Keywords: Social networking sites, Electronic word-of-mouth, Social relationships, Social exchange, Motivation and ability to access information. 5. Development of Business Hardware for Green Supply Chain Management in Vietnamese Organic Food Sector: A Conceptual Framework and Future Study Eunsung Kim, Graduate School of Business and Law, RMIT University, Australia Corresponding Author: casio947@gmail.com ABSTRACT Steady global economic integration is driving that Vietnamese consumers are becoming more conscientious of health and wellness trends their food choices, leading to higher demand for organic food products are growing. Therefore, with increasing incomes and quality, the Vietnamese consumer has placed more consideration on the food quality and food safety regarding the effect of human health and environmental sustainability. The aim of this research is to develop to develop business hardware provide the business hardware GSCM model for the identification of what drives the organic food products sector to implement GSCM practices and possible outcomes of successful implementation in Vietnam. Following an in-depth literature review of existing studies and the embodiments of inputs in developed business hardware processes are established. Internal Circuit for KIM GSCM TECH has classified the green products safety management technologies as the regulation of inputs such as the embodiment of products safety technology, green supplier, and socio-demographic forces, which reinforcement on environmental sustainability. Keywords:Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM), Organic Agricultural Sector, KIM GSCM TECH, Eco-Design, Food Safety 6. Electronic Single Windows for Trade Facilitation Rajiv Aserkar, SP Jain School of Global Management, Singapore Nitin Patwa, SP Jain School of Global Management, Dubai, UAE ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that influence the use of electronic single windows for trade facilitation. As more and more countries are contemplating adoption of single window system, this paper specifically looks at its benefits from userís perspective. An extensive literature review was conducted to understand the concept of single window trade facilitation, identify the variables that define the benefits of its adoption and to create a research framework. Empirical data was collected and analysis was done to validate the hypotheses. This research will enable the stakeholders like manufacturers, shippers, banks, customs, insurance companies, shipping lines, logistics service providers etc. to understand the benefits of single windows as perceived by user community. This will in turn help the governments to launch the trade portals, which are user friendly, beneficial to trade community and facilitate efficient supply chains. Trade portals coupled with demand management, data analytics, cloud computing, IoT and data science are key factors in enhancing operational excellence, cost savings, customer satisfaction and real-time visibility. Keywords: word; Trade Portals, Electronic Single Windows, Logistics, Trade Facilitation, Government



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